Edelweiss Applied Science and Technology (ISSN: 2576-8484)

Editor in chief

Mohammed A Alnafea
A. Professor of Medical Imaging & Physics
Department of Radiologic Sciences
College of Applied Medical Sciences
King Saud University
Kingdom Saudi Arabia

Editor in chief

Department Of Chemistry, Faculty of Science,
University of Technology,
Malaysia

Editor in chief

Mukesh Singh Boori
Adjunct Professor
American Sentinel University
Colorado, USA

About Journal

Edelweiss Applied Science and Technology is an open access journal, our journal has a wide scope of topics related to science and technology, which are not limited to Basic Science, life science, computer science, environmental science, chemical science, electrical science, electronic engineering, industrial engineering, material science, astronomy and astrophysics. 

Our journal also invites all original research, review, case reports related to physics, agriculture, biochemistry, biophysics, forestry, biotechnology, nanotechnology, psychology, business and economics, finance, food science, botany, genetics, neuroscience, robotics, arts, education, sociology, mathematics, health care, nutrition, statistics, pharmaceutical science, mechanics, zoology, horticulture, husbandry, and many more. 

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Developed country: 300 USD

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 Current Issue Articles

Assessment of the Status of Obsolete Pesticide Stocks in Selected Parts of Ethiopia


Author: Knife Mesfin

divEthiopia like most sub-Saharan countries had been suffered by obsolete pesticides accumulated at various places across the country. Disposal of obsolete pesticides in Ethiopia had been inadequate and presently huge quantities of obsolete pesticide stocks are found accumulated in substandard stores owned by ministry of health, ministry of agriculture and various investors, presenting potential risks to nearby residents and the environment. This assessment study of obsolete pesticide stocks’ status was aimed at evaluating the status and effects of obsolete pesticide stocks on public health and the environment and indicate a corrective action. The methodology employed to collect data was field observation, interviews and questionnaires dispatched to study site residents. Results of the study indicated that obsolete pesticide stocks were depreciated, kept in torn out drums, burst open sucks, indiscriminately mixed up with other chemicals, exposed to sunlight, wind drift and runoff water and easily accessible to animals and humans. Thus obsolete pesticide stocks accumulated in inefficiently secured stores could be a threat not only to public health and the environment but also to the fast growing economy of the country. Awareness raising and training given to the public on the dangers involved with obsolete pesticide stocks was inadequate. To aware the community and conduct further research to ascertain the actual situation of obsolete pesticide stocks accumulated across the country need to be carried out before the present situation causes more social and environmental problems.

For complete article visit Current Issue.


Implementation of Sanger DNA Sequencing Technologies in Tracing the Phylogeny of Meliola mangiferae

Authors: Rafiq Ahmad Dar, Akhila Nand Rai

Abstract

divDuring the summer 2014, dark black symptoms beneath the leaf surfaces were observed on the Populas alba L species in the south Kashmir. In the later stages of development the infection subtends the whole surface resulting in leaf collapse. Fungal isolates were recovered directly from the structures present on the lesions. Purified DNA from each isolate was amplified using the random amplified polymorphic DNA technique recruiting the ITSI (TCCGTAGGTGAACCTGCGG) and ITS4 (TCCTCCGC TTATTGATATGC) specific primers. Amplification products visualized on agarose gel showed specific band pattern for each isolate. The mycotaxonomic characterization and phylogenetic interpretations showed the emergence of fungal species, Meliola sp. KY623717 with genetic variance of 2% in internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of rDNA from closely related species under geographically distinct region.

Determining the Importance of Coaching Methods in Workplace Health and Safety

Author: Grant Reagon Son, Ruth Albertyn, Charlene Gerber

The main objective of the study is to determine the effect and importance of coaching on developing an environment of occupational safety and risks in a workplace. Workplace safety and health constitutes reducing the haphazard arising from one’s occupation by implementing safety rules and policies for employees of an organization. Here a qualitative research was conducted to understand various aspect of occupational safety and health (OSH) and the role of coaching. Interview results implicated that coaching of senior employees in the case organization had helped in passing on knowledge, safety management, improved health conditions, reduced accidents and improving the financial expenditures. Thereby it was implicated that coaching on OSH has helped positively in reducing occupational hazards and risks.

Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education Challenges: A Case Study

Author: Edgar R. Eslit

Introduction
Considering its implementation, the linguistic and cultural diversity of Mindanao, however, brings much complexity to the issue of language policy in education. With Mindanao’s more than 26 provinces and over 25 million population (Philippine Statistics Authority, 2005), the government offers a challenging environment for implementing a language policy that is suppose to serve all Mindanao regions and the rest of the country. This language policy is part of a rising trend around the world to support mother tongue instruction in the early years of a child‘s education. In Southeast Asia, this is apparent in a growing number of educational programs that use the mother tongue approach. Good examples can be found in Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Timor L‘Este and Vietnam (UNESCO, 2007). With all this, the program is now on its third year as it was implemented in 2011. Looking at this, the shift towards mother tonguebased multilingual education is not a walk in a highway. Numerous challenges need to be addressed like the production of materials, training of teachers, management of resources, and perhaps, the socio-cultural support to enhance this project. Concentrating on the MTB-MLE program challenges, this study is hoping to underwrite something of relevant contribution to the success of the MTB-MLE in Iligan City.....


The Determinants Factors of Balance of Payments: An Investigation from Sudan through the Period 1980-2016 

Authors: Faroug Mohammed Khalid Yousif, Almahdi Musa Attahir Musa

Abstract 
This paper investigates the determinants of Sudan balance of payments using annual data on balance of payments (BOP), foreign debt (ED), exchange rate (EX), inflation (INF), gross domestic product (GDP) during the period (1980 - 2016). The paper elaborates the problem regarding the impact of foreign debt on the balance of payments. The paper built on the fundamental assumption that the foreign debt linked to a positive relationship with the balance of payments by running VECM Approach. Results of the study indicate that there is a direct correlation between the balance of payments and foreign debt, and an inverse relationship between the balance of payments and all of the inflation, gross domestic product and exchange rate during the forementioned period. The paper recommends that Sudan should not totally dependes on foreign aid in solving its economic problems which entails to transfer big amount of the national product to meet the commitments towards those foreign countries, the need for coordination between macroeconomic policies and domestic economic policies in order to increase output domestic product, economic policies are functioning to reduce the ratio of foreign debt and the reduction of inflation and bring about stability in the exchange rate which leads to improving the balance of payments to be adopted by Sudan.

For complete article visit Current Issue.