A phobia is an excessive and irrational fear reaction. The fear can be of a certain place, situation, or object. Unlike general anxiety disorders, a phobia is usually connected to something specific. The person will experience intense distress when faced with the source of their phobia. This can prevent them from functioning normally and sometimes leads to panic attacks. People with phobias actively avoid the phobic object or situation, or endure it within intense fear or anxiety. The most common specific phobias include: Claustrophobia, Aerophobia, Arachnophobia, Driving phobia, Emetophobia, Escalaphobia and many more. A person with a phobia will experience the following symptoms. They are common across the majority of phobias:
· A sensation of uncontrollable anxiety when exposed to the source of fear
· A feeling that the source of that fear must be avoided at all costs
· Not being able to function properly when exposed to the trigger
· Acknowledgment that the fear is irrational, unreasonable, and exaggerated, combined with an inability to control the feelings.
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