The genetic code is the set of rules utilized by living cells to translate data encoded inside genetic material (DNA or mRNA groupings) into proteins. Translation is accomplished by the ribosome, which joins amino acids as indicated by messenger RNA (mRNA), utilizing transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules to carry amino acids and to read the mRNA three nucleotides at any given moment. The genetic code is highly similar among all life forms and can be communicated in a straightforward table with 64 entries. The code characterizes how successions of nucleotide triplets called codons determine which amino acid will be included next during protein synthesis. With some exceptions a three-nucleotide codon in a nucleic acid succession determines a single amino acid. By far most of genes are encoded with a single scheme. That scheme is often referred to as the canonical or standard genetic code, or simply the genetic code, though variant codes (such as in human mitochondria) exist. While the "genetic code" decides a proteins amino acid succession, other genomic areas decide when and where these proteins are produced by different "gene regulatory codes".
Biochemistry and Modern Applications is a peer reviewed Journal, with rapid publication process. The topics like DNA polymerases, Heterochromatin, Ribosome, Non-coding DNA, Cell biology, Metabolism, Nutritional Biochemistry, Medicinal Biochemistry and Hormonal Biochemistry are studied. This is not just limited to above areas. The knowledge related to different biomolecules and their mechanisms can be studied in the journal of Biochemistry and modern applications. This journal provides an open access platform for the young scientists and researchers to share their valuable information regarding the biomolecules and their mechanism.