Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is when excess fat builds up in the liver due to causes other than alcohol use. There are two types: Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL) and Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH). Non-alcoholic fatty liver usually does not progress to liver damage or NASH. NASH includes both a fatty liver and liver inflammation. It may lead to complications such as cirrhosis, liver cancer, liver failure, or cardiovascular disease.
In many cases of NAFLD, there are no noticeable symptoms. When symptoms are present, they usually include:
- pain in the upper right side of the abdomen
- enlarged liver or spleen (usually observed by a doctor during an exam)
- ascites, or swelling in the belly
- jaundice, or yellowing of the skin and eyes
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