A biological preparation which provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease is called as vaccine. Vaccines made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins, or one of its surface proteins and contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism.
Live-attenuated, inactivated, Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, conjugate and toxoid vaccines are different types of vaccines.
Ø Live-attenuated vaccines are used to protect against yellow fever, chickenpox, smallpox, rotavirus, measles, mumps and rubella.
Ø Inactivated vaccines are used to protect against Hepatitis A, Flu (shot only), Polio (shot only), and Rabies.
Ø Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines are used for Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) disease, Hepatitis B, HPV (Human papillomavirus), Whooping cough (part of the DTaP combined vaccine), Pneumococcal disease, Meningococcal disease and Shingles.
Ø Toxoid vaccines are used to protect against Diphtheria and Tetanus.
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