Perinatal mortality, is otherwise called as perinatal death, refers to the death of a craniate or infant and is that the basis to calculate the perinatal morbidity. Variations within the precise definition of the perinatal mortality exist, specifically regarding the problem of inclusion or exclusion of early vertebrate and late infant fatalities. the world Health Organization defines perinatal mortality because the range of stillbirths and deaths within the 1st week of life per 1,000 total births, the perinatal amount commences at twenty two completed weeks of gestation, and ends seven completed days when birth, however alternative definitions are used. Preterm birth is that the commonest explanation for perinatal mortality, inflicting nearly thirty percent of infant deaths. Child metastasis distress syndrome, in turn, is that the leading explanation for death in preterm infants, touching concerning one chronicles of newborn infants. Birth defects cause concerning twenty one percent of death. The perinatal morbidity refers to the quantity of perinatal deaths per 1,000 total births. It is typically according on associate degree annual basis. It is a serious marker to assess the standard of health provision. Comparisons between totally different rates are also hampered by varied definitions, registration bias, and variations within the underlying risks of the populations. Perinatal mortality rates vary wide and will be below ten surely developed countries and quite ten times higher in developing countries. Nursing and Health Care Journal accepts leading forefront original research papers, review manuscripts, case reports and commentary in the field. Our target audience, readers and contributors are worldwide.