Cardiac lipomas are uncommon benign primary cardiac neoplasms although they are considered the commonest non-myxomatous benign primary cardiac tumor. Intracardiac lipomas are benign primary tumors which comprise of well-defined mature fat.
Cardiac lipomas have been associated with a variety of arrhythmias. They can arise in variety of locations and some may arise in relation to papillary muscles. On CT, cardiac lipomas appear as homogeneous, low-attenuation masses either in a cardiac chamber or in the pericardial. The diagnosis of Cardiac Lipoma is often difficult to establish and it may be confused with other heart tumor types.
The signs and symptoms of Lipoma of Heart may include:
- Severe arrhythmias
- Dizziness and fainting
- Blood flow obstruction, especially into or out of the valves, in rare cases
- Bluish skin (cyanosis)
- The tumors are well-circumscribed and mostly spherical in shape.
Cardiology research Journals like Clinical Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine (CCCM) provides a global open access platform to put forth the ongoing research, reviews articles related to Cardiac Lipoma.