Congenital cardiac malformation
“Congenital cardiac malformation” is a general term, meaning the defects or anomalies of the heart since birth.
They are formed during the intra-uterine life and become
visible between the 3rd and the 8th week of pregnancy, when the heart is
formed. In nine of ten cases it is impossible to determine the reason for these
malformations. There are different types of congenital heart disorders. These
disorders also include the malformations of the pulmonary artery or the
Among some patients, this malformation stays undetected at birth and the anomaly is only discovered later in lifetime. Others are showing so evident symptoms that it is already detected before.
A lot of symptoms can indicate a cardiac malformation because of a lack of oxygen:
· The skin, the lips, and the nail-bed which have a blue colour
· Quick or difficult respiration, an irritability
· Apathy and pale and cold skin
· Being out of breath, tiredness, palpitations and oedemas of the lower extremities, the joints and the abdomen
Treatment: A congenital cardiac malformation can be corrected by a surgical open- heart intervention.
Cardiology research Journals like Clinical Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine (CCCM) provides a global open access platform to put forth the ongoing research, reviews articles related to all heart related disease, its treatment, case reports and many more.