The procedure through which we can widen the blocked or narrowed coronary arteries (which is the main blood vessel which supplies to the heart) is known as Coronary angioplasty. In Coronary angioplasty procedure we insert stent which is Wire mesh tube into the artery permanently to allow the blood to flow freely. Angioplasty is a balloon used to wide open a narrowed or blocked article. Coronary angioplasty in some cases known as Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA). The combination of coronary angioplasty with stenting is commonly known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
The common angioplasty risks include:
· Blood Cloths
· Heart attack
· Coronary artery damage
· Kidney problems
· Abnormal heart rhythms
Angioplasty is often combined with the permanent placement of a small wire tube called stent to help the artery open and decrease the chance of narrowing again.
Some stents are coated with medication to keep the artery open known as drug eluting stents and some other without medication which is called as bare metal stunts.