Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is also commonly called as automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) is a device which is implantable inside the body, able to perform cardioversion, defibrillation, and pacing of the heart. The device is therefore capable of correcting most life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. The ICD is the first-line treatment and prophylactic therapy for patients at risk for sudden cardiac death due to ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia.
An ICD can also be programmed to perform other functions, which include:
· Recording Heart activity
Newer type of ICD is available at some surgical centers called subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD). This S-ICD is implanted under the skin at the side of the chest below the armpit. ICDs detect and stop abnormal heartbeats (arrhythmias). The device continuously monitors the heartbeat and delivers electrical pulses to restore a normal heart rhythm when necessary. This looks similar to pace maker but it is different in function.
Cardiology research Journals like Clinical Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine (CCCM) provides a global open access platform to put forth the ongoing research, reviews articles related to Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and its techniques.