Sulfhydryl group is an organic compound having great and varied reactivity. A sulfhydryl is a functional group consisting of sulfur bonded to a hydrogen atom. The sulfhydryl group is also called as thiol. Thiol has great affinity for soft metals. Sulfhydryls play important role in biochemical process, as disulfide bonds connect necessary amino acids together for functional purpose in secondary, tertiary, or quaternary proteins structures. Sulfhydryl group oxidize easily, with the formation of disulfides and sulfenic, sulfinic, or sulfonic acids, and they readily undergo alkylation, acylation, and thiol-disulfide exchange.
The molecular formula for a sulfhydryl group is R-SH, which is similar to another functional group: alcohols (R-OH). The only difference between these groups is the presence of a sulfur atom versus an oxygen atom.
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