Dissolution is the process where a solute in gaseous, liquid, or solid phase dissolves in a solvent to form a solution. Dissolution refers to a process by which dissolved components, i.e. solutes, form a solution in a solvent. Dissolution has great importance in chemical processes whether it is natural or man-made. The rate of dissolution depends on many things like Chemical natures of the solvent and solute, Temperature, Degree of undersaturation, Presence of a means of mixing during the dissolution, Interfacial surface area and Presence of inhibitors
The rate of dissolution is represented by the Noyes-Whitney equation: dm/dt = DA(Cs - C)/h
dm/dt represents the rate of dissolution
D represents the diffusion coefficient for the compound
A represents the surface area available for dissolution
Cs represents the solubility of the compound
C represents the solute concentration in bulk solution at time t
h represents the thickness of the dissolution layer
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