An ecosystem includes living organisms. Like plants and animals in a given area interact among themselves by the processes such as predation, parasitism. Competition and symbiosis is also involves. Ecosystems is the foundations of biosphere they determine the health of earth system. The species of the ecosystem including plants, animals, bacteria and fungi are dependent on each other. Ecosystem had a geographical focus and become analogous to vegetation types like scrub, pine forest, grassland, etc.
In all ecosystems human activities are important. Humans exist and operate within ecosystems and their cumulative environment effects are large enough to influence external factors like climate. Ecosystem human activities based on goods and services, Ecosystem management and Threats caused by humans.
Edelweiss publications maintaining Edelweiss Applied Science and Technology journal is an open access maintaining high standard quality articles of ecosystem.