A chemical process of monomers joining together to form polymers is called Polymerization. often it takes many thousands of monomers to make a single polymer. In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks. There are various forms of polymerization and different systems exist to classify them. Chain-reaction (or addition) and Step-reaction (or condensation) polymerization are the two basic types of polymerization. Chain-reaction (addition) polymerization is one of the most common types of polymer reactions. This type of polymerization is a three step process involving two chemical entities. Many polymers are made from chemicals that are obtained from crude oil. For example, molecules of ethene join together to make poly (ethene), commonly known as polythene.
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