In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair. Amines are formally derivatives of ammonia and structurally resemble them, wherein one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by a substituent such as an alkyl or aryl group, these may individually be called as alkylamines and arylamines. Amines in which both types of substituent are attached to one nitrogen atom may be called alkylarylamines. Important amines include amino acids, biogenic amines, trimethylamine, and aniline. Inorganic derivatives of ammonia are also called amines, such as chloramine. Compounds with a nitrogen atom attached to a carbonyl group, thus having the structure R-CO-NR′R″, are called amides and have different chemical properties from amines.
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