A carboxylic acid is an organic compound in which a carbon (C) atom is bonded to an oxygen (O) atom by a double bond and to a hydroxyl group (-OH) by a single bond. Carboxyl groups have the formula-C(=O)OH, usually written as -COOH or CO2H. Carboxylic acids are a class of molecules which are characterized by the presence of one carboxyl group. Carboxylic acids act as both hydrogen bond acceptors, due to the carbonyl group, and hydrogen bond donors, due to the hydroxyl group. As a result, they often participate in hydrogen bonding. Carboxylic acids are used in the production of polymers, pharmaceuticals, solvents, and food additives. Carboxylic acids are widely used as precursors to produce other compounds. As such, they are often produced industrially on a large scale. Carboxylic acids are generally produced from oxidation of aldehydes and hydrocarbons, and base catalyzed dehydrogenation of alcohols.
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