The shielding effect can be defined as a reduction in the effective nuclear charge on the electron cloud, due to a difference in the attraction forces on the electrons in the atom. It is a special case of electric-field screening. The shielding effect also sometimes referred as atomic shielding or electron shielding which describes the attraction between an electron and the nucleus in any atom with more than one electron. The shielding effect is when the electron and the nucleus in an atom have a decrease in attraction which changes the nuclear charge. An example of shielding effect is in nuclear fission when electrons furthest from the center of the atom are pulled away.
The order of the orbitals per shielding strength is: s > p > d > f
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