In chemistry, Neutralization is a chemical reaction in which acid and base react to form salt and water. In a reaction in water, neutralization results in there being no excess of hydrogen or hydroxide ions present in the solution. The pH of the neutralized solution depends on the acid strength of the reactants. Neutralization is used in many applications.
When a strong acid reacts with a strong base the resultant salt is neither acidic nor basic in nature i.e. it is neutral. For example when HCl, a strong acid, reacts with NaOH, a strong base, then the resulting salt is sodium chloride and water. The strong acid and strong base neutralization have the pH value of 7.
HCl + NaOH → NaCl + H2O
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