Orbital hybridization in chemistry is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory. Hybrid orbitals are very useful in the explanation of molecular geometry and atomic bonding properties and are symmetrically disposed in space.
The following are the types of hybridisation:
1. sp-Hybridisation- In sp-Hybridisation one s- and one p-orbital are mixed to form two sp – hybrid orbitals, having a linear structure with bond angle 180 degrees.
2. sp2-Hybridisation- Insp2-Hybridisation one s- and two p-orbitals are mixed form three sp2– hybrid orbitals, having a planar triangular structure with bond angle 120 degrees.
3. sp3-Hybridisation- In sp3-Hybridisation one s- and three p-orbitals are mixed to form four sp3– hybrid orbitals having a tetrahedral structure with bond angle 109 degrees 28′, that is, 109.5 degrees.
Edelweiss Chemical Science Journal corresponds with many branches of science like organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, analytical chemistry, applied chemistry, biochemistry, chemical biology and many more that aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the findings and current developments in the form of original Research, Review, Opinion articles, Case reports, Mini review, Short communication. This Journal provides an open access platform for the young scientists and researchers from all over the globe to share their valuable information regarding the chemical science