In chemistry and manufacturing, electrolysis is a method that uses a direct electric current (DC) to drive an otherwise non-spontaneous chemical reaction. Electrolysis is commercially important as a stage in the separation of elements from naturally occurring sources such as ores using an electrolytic cell. The voltage that is required for electrolysis to occur is called the decomposition potential. The key procedure of electrolysis is the exchange of atoms and ions by the removal or addition of electrons from the external circuit. The desired results of electrolysis are frequently in an alternate physical state from the electrolyte and can be expelled by some physical procedures. For example, in the electrolysis of brine to produce hydrogen and chlorine, the products are gaseous. These gaseous products bubble from the electrolyte and are collected.
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