Journal of Obesity and Diabetes is an open access, peer reviewed journal in Edelweiss Publications, Inc. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists and researchers all over the world to promote, discuss new issues and developments in different areas of Obesity and Diabetes research
Editor in chief
Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose or blood sugar levels are high. Glucose is produced when the food we eat is digested and released into blood. The produced glucose should enter the cells to be utilized as energy by the body. In order for the glucose to be entered into cells, Pancreas an organ in our body produces insulin which helps the glucose to enter the cells. When there is a lack of insulin production or lack of insulin utilization, the glucose produced after digestion remains in the blood leading to diabetes. Diabetes is of three types, Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes. In Type 1 Diabetes, body does not make insulin. In Type 2 Diabetes, body does not utilize the produced insulin well. Gestational Diabetes happens in pregnant women with no prior history of diabetes leading to problems in pregnancy and baby’s health. Symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. Excess blood sugar for prolonged period of time effects eyes, kidney, skin problems, nerves, heart, stroke etc. The department that deals with diabetes is called Endocrinology.
Obesity is condition in which excess fat gets accumulated in the body. This is caused by over intake of calories, less physical activity, genetic background. The fat that is produced accumulates in the body making the person obese. BMI is a measurement to find the person is obese or overweight. It is a measurement which uses person’s weight and height. If BMI is between 25 and 29.9, they are considered as overweight and if the BMI is over 30, they are considered as obese. Obesity causes cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, depression, and some cancers.
This journal also covers the topics related to the field of diabetes and obesity which includes:
Endocrinology and Metabolism, Pancreatic Disorders,
Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetic Macrovascular and Microvascular Complications,
Bone and Mineral disorders, Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes,
Childhood Obesity, Bariatric Surgery, Visceral Obesity.
EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS
Faculty of Pharmacy of Coimbra
Professor of Endocrinology
Iran University of Medical Sciences
Usdin Family Professor
Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine
Director Medical Sciences
Profil Institut für Stoffwechselforschung GmbH
Medical Dep Director
Laboratori Baldacci SpA
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Pediatric Endocrinology: Pediatric Endocrinology is a department dealing with disorders of endocrine glands in childhood. Pediatric endocrinologists are physicians who are involved in care of children and infants under 18 years. They manage hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and disorders of thyroid glands, adrenal glands, and pituitary glands. Disorders in children include childhood obesity, childhood diabetes, growth problems, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, puberty disorders, congenital adrenal hyperplasia etc.
Pancreatic Disorders: Pancreas is a vital organ in the body. It is about 6 inches long. It is located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. It mainly produces insulin, a hormone used to control blood sugars in the body. Dysfunction of pancreas or parts of pancreas leads to high level of sugar in the body causing diabetes. Disorders of pancreas include pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, cystic fibrosis. It also plays a role in type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Authors working on pancreatic disorders, pancreatic cancer can submit their work at firstname.lastname@example.org
Diabetes macrovascular and microvascular complications: Long-term effects of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) are differentiated into macrovascular and microvascular complications. Macrovascular complications include coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease, and stroke. Microvascular complications include diabetic retinopathy (eyes), diabetic neuropathy (nerves), diabetic nephropathy (kidneys) etc. Research related to diabetes macrovascular and microvascular complications can be published in Journal of Obesity and Diabetes by Edelweiss Publications, Inc.
Metabolic syndrome of diabetes: Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions including increased blood pressure, hyperglycemia, excess body fat, high cholesterol that occurs together increasing risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. We welcome manuscripts to be published in Journal of Obesity and Diabetes.
Bone mineral disease: Bone mineral disease is a condition of bone caused by decreased levels of calcium and other mineral in bone. Diabetes and renal failure are the main causes of bone mineral disease. Bone mineral density is a method used to find whether the person is suffering from bone mineral disease or not. This test measures the amount of calcium and other minerals in bone. X-rays are also used to determine bone mineral density. Diabetes affects bone due to changes in insulin, glycation, and end product of collagen. Disorders of bone mineral disease include osteoporosis, bone fractures, heart disease, renal osteodystrophy, osteomalacia etc.
Type 1 diabetes: Type 1 diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes is a chronic condition which the pancreas produces little or no insulin leading to high levels of sugar in the blood. Insulin helps blood sugar to enter the cells for production of energy. Type 1 diabetes is caused by many factors including genes, environmental factors, obesity, certain disease conditions, cancer etc. It occurs in persons with different ages including childhood to adolescence and old age. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include increased thirst, increased hunger, fatigue, frequent urination, weight loss, blurred vision, glaucoma etc. Edelweiss publications ensures rapid peer review process for the submitted manuscript with its eminent editorial board for publication in Journal of Obesity and Diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes is a condition in which our body produces insulin, but not utilized by the body properly resulting in excessive blood sugar in the blood. It is also called insulin resistance diabetes. The factors causing type 2 diabetes are genetics, liver dysfunction, obesity, viruses, environmental factors etc. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include increased thirst, excessive hunger, frequent urination, weight loss, bed sores, fatigue, and blurred vision. Edelweiss Publications maintains articles related to field of Obesity and Diabetes in Journal of Obesity and Diabetes lifetime and can be viewed in the website.
Childhood obesity: Childhood obesity is a condition where excessive amount of fat gets accumulated in the body during childhood. This is mainly caused by consumption of too much calories and less physical activity. Genetic condition is also responsible for childhood obesity. Children obese are prone to many health related complications such as heart disease, diabetes, kidney problems etc. Current research on childhood obesity and complications is accepted by Edelweiss Publications.
Bariatric Surgery: Bariatric surgery is a special type of procedure which is used for weight loss in people who are obese. This procedure involves reduction of stomach size with a gastric band. The decreased stomach size helps in less food consumption, resulting in less calorie intake. People with BMI at least 40 are eligible for bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery is of different types including gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric plication. Bariatric surgery related research can be submitted to Journal of Obesity and Diabetes which is a journal maintained by Edelweiss Publications.
Sleep apnea: Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which breathing stops during sleep. This causes inadequate supply of oxygen to brain and other body parts. There are two types of sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by blockage of airway during sleep. Central sleep apnea is caused when brain does not send signals to muscles that control the breathing. Symptoms of sleep apnea include loud snoring, gasping for air, dry mouth, morning headache, restless sleep.
Visceral obesity: Visceral obesity or visceral fat is a body fat that is stored within the abdominal cavity. It is also called as active fat. Fat stored in and around abdominal region causes disturbance in the internal organs of the abdomen such as liver, spleen, pancreas, intestines. Excess visceral fat leads to insulin resistance thereby causing type 2 diabetes. A growing belly is a sign of visceral fat. Risks associated with visceral fat include heart disease, type 2 diabetes, colorectal cancer, etc.
Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy is a condition which is caused in people with diabetes. Diabetes damages the blood vessels in the eye resulting in decreased vision and vision loss. People with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are at major risk for developing diabetic retinopathy. Excess blood sugar affects the blood vessels in the eye and leaks fluid in the eye resulting in blurry vision. Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include blurred vision, macular edema, and finally vision loss.
Diabetic neuropathy: Diabetic neuropathy is a condition of nerves. Diabetes damages the nerves in the body; mainly it affects nerves in the legs and feet. The nerves damaged cannot send signals or receive signals from the brain. Depending on the condition of nerves affected in the body, diabetic neuropathy is categorized into different types, peripheral neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, focal neuropathy, mononeuropathy etc. Peripheral neuropathy is a damage of nerves in the feet and legs. Symptoms of peripheral neuropathy include numbness, tingling, loss of sensation of feet, burning of feet, pain in the legs. Autonomic neuropathy affects the nerves of digestive system, urinary system, and sex organs. Symptoms of autonomic neuropathy include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, urinary incontinence, urinary retention, urinary frequency, erectile dysfunction etc. Focal neuropathy affects nerves in the head, torso, or leg. Symptoms of focal neuropathy are double vision, eye pain, paralysis on one side. Mononeuropathy is a damage of neurves outside of brain, spinal cord. This is mostly caused by injury. Symptoms of mononeuropathy include lack of coordination, muscle twitching, cramps, loss of reflexes, pain etc.
Diabetic nephropathy: Diabeticnephropathy is a chronic condition of kidneys in people with type1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. More than 40% of people with diabetes develop diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic nephropathy affects kidneys resulting in damage to the tissues in the kidneys. As a result, the kidneys lose their ability to filter the waste material and excretion of fluid from the body. Kidney dysfunction leads to buildup of fluid in the body, swelling of face and feet, anemia, weight gain or loss, weakness, shortness of breath (fluid buildup in lungs), loss of appetite, and decreased oral intake.
Gut metabolism, Anti-diabetic medications, Pancreatic cancer, Steroid diabetes, Gene therapy.