A sleep disorder or somnipathy is a disorder of sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental, social and emotional functioning. Polysomnography and actigraphy are tests commonly ordered for some sleep disorders.
When a person suffers from difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep with no obvious cause, it is referred to as insomnia. Sleep disorders are broadly classified into dyssomnias, parasomnias, circadian rhythm sleep disorders involving the timing of sleep, and other disorders including ones caused by medical or psychological conditions and sleeping sickness. Management of sleep disturbances that are secondary to mental, medical, or substance abuse disorders should focus on the underlying conditions
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