Neurophysiology is a branch of neuroscience and physiology concerned with the study and functioning of the nervous system it is also related to neuroanatomy, psychology, electrophysiology, and its applications in clinical neurophysiology. There are a few tools which are elementary to neurophysiological research, such as electrophysiological recordings which includes extracellular single-unit recording, patch clamps, and voltage clamps. Calcium imaging, molecular biology, ontogenetic, and also play a key role into neurophysiology
The neurophysiology is related to different neurosciences like, Electrophysiology, neuroanatomy Psychology, Neurobiology, Cognitive science, neuro anatomy and other Brain Sciences. The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology.