Autoimmune encephalitis refers to a group of conditions that occur when the bodys immune system mistakenly attacks healthy brain cells, leading to inflammation of the brain. People with autoimmune encephalitis may have various neurologic and/or psychiatric symptoms. Autoimmune encephalitis causes sub-acute deficits of memory and cognition, often followed by suppressed level of consciousness or coma. It can result from a number of autoimmune diseases like Rasmussen encephalitis, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Behcets disease, Hashimotos encephalopathy, Autoimmune limbic encephalitis and Sydenhams chorea.
Symptoms commonly associated with AE can include:
· memory difficulties.
· slowed or loss of ability to speak.
· behavioral changes such as agitation.
· loss of inhibition.
· hallucinations (visual or auditory)