Neurosurgical anesthesiology is a part of anesthesiology includes anesthetic management of people with disease of the brain and the spine. it has the ability to measure intracranial pressure, cerebral blood flow and cerebral metabolic rate.
Neurosurgical anesthesiologists care patients with diverse conditions including aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, intracranial tumors, head injuries, stereotactic procedures, neuroradiological procedures, pediatric neurosurgery and spine surgery.
Neurosurgical procedures require the anesthesiologist to have a strong knowledge base of neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and understand advanced monitoring techniques including neuromonitoring of the brain and spinal cord. Neuroanesthetic equivalent of the pulmonary artery catheter or the transesophageal echocardiograph that permits a wide range of cerebral physiologic and pharmacologic effects.