Neurogenesis is the process by which neurons are produced by neural stem cells. Neurogenesis is most active during embryonic development, and is responsible for producing all the various types of neurons in organism, Types of NSCs include neuroepithelial cells , radial glial cells, basal progenitors , intermediate neuronal precursors , subventricular zone astrocytes, and subgranular zone radial astrocytes, among others. The development of new neurons continues during adulthood in two regions of the brain. Neurogenesis takes place in the subventricular zone (SVZ) that forms the lining of the lateral ventricles and the subgranular zone that forms part of the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus area.
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