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Clinical Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine (ISSN 2639-6807)


Superior vena cava syndrome

Superior vena cava is a large vein that receives blood from the head, neck, upper extremities, and thorax and delivers it to the right atrium of the heart. Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is obstruction of blood flow through the superior vena cava or it is partially blocked and blood cannot flow back to the heart normally. This causes more pressure in the veins and face, which leads to a buildup of fluid or swelling. SVCS is a medical emergency and most often manifests in patients with a malignant disease process within the thorax. Symptoms of SVCS may develop gradually or suddenly, depending on how quickly the superior vena cava is squeezed or blocked. Symptoms of SVCS include:

·         shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, especially when bending over or lying down

·         feeling of fullness in the head or ears

·         swelling of the face, neck, upper body and arms

·         coughing

·         hoarseness

·         chest pain

·         difficulty swallowing

·         coughing up blood

·         bluish colour of the lips and skin, which is called cyanosis

·         Horners syndrome, which includes small pupil, drooping eyelid and no sweating on one side of the face

·         paralyzed vocal cord

·         headache

·         anxiety

·         dizziness

·         confusion

Cardiology research Journals like Clinical Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine (CCCM) provides a global open access platform to put forth the ongoing research, reviews articles related to Superior vena cava syndrome.

Editorial Board

Jhon Smith


Jhon Smith

Senior Resident

Jhon Smith

Associate Professor

Jhon Smith