Neurotoxicity could be a sort of toxicity within which a biological, chemical, or physical agent produces AN adverse result on the structure or operate of the central and peripheral Nervous system. It happens once exposure to substance – specifically, a neurolysin – alters the conventional activity of the systema nervosum in such cases it cause permanent or reversible harm to animal tissue. This will eventually disrupt or maybe kill neurons, that area unit cells that transmit and method signals within the brain and different components of the systema nervosum. Neurotoxicity may end up from organ transplants, radiation treatment, bound drug therapies (e.g., substances employed in chemotherapy), narcotic use, and exposure to serious metals, pesticides,certain industrial improvement solvents, and bound present substances. Symptoms could seem instantly once exposure or be delayed. they will embody limb weakness or symptom, loss of memory, vision, and/or intellect, uncontrollable obsessional and/or compulsive behaviors, delusions, headache, psychological feature and activity issues and sexual disfunction.
The term neurotoxicity implies the involvement of a neurotoxin; but, the term toxin could also be used additional loosely to explain states that area unit legendary to cause physical brain harm, however wherever no specific neurolysin has been known.