Clinical Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine (ISSN 2639-6807)

Cardiac muscle

Image showing the Cardiac muscle
Cardiac muscle-myocardium

Cardiac muscle (also called heart muscle or myocardium) is one of three types of vertebrate muscles, with the other two being skeletal and smooth muscles. It is an involuntary, striated muscle that constitutes the main tissue of the walls of the heart. The myocardium forms a thick middle layer between the outer layer of the heart wall (the epicardium) and the inner layer (the endocardium), with blood supplied via the coronary circulation. It is composed of individual heart muscle cells (cardiomyocytes) joined together by intercalated discs, encased by collagen fibres and other substances forming the extracellular matrix.

Cardiac muscle contracts in a similar manner to skeletal muscle, although with some important differences. An electrical stimulation in the form of an action potential delivered in a rhythmic pattern triggers the release of calcium from the cells internal calcium store, the sarcoplasmic reticulum. The rise in calcium causes the cells myofilaments to slide past each other in a process called excitation contraction coupling.

Diseases of heart muscle are of major importance. These include conditions caused by a restricted blood supply to the muscle including angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, and other heart muscle disease known as cardiomyopathies.

Cardiology research Journals like Clinical Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine (CCCM) provides a global open access platform to put forth the ongoing research, reviews and techniques related to Cardiac Muscle.

Editorial Board List

Consultant Intervention Cardiologist
Paras HMRI Hospital
India

Center for Translational Medicine
Temple University School of Medicine
USA
Cardiologist
Sabah Al Ahmad Cardiac Center
Al-Amiri Hospital, MOH
Kuwait

Health Affairs Department
Dubai Health Authority
Dubai
UAE
Head of the Department of Ischaemic Heart Disease
Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kaunas Clinics
Lithuania

Cardiac Surgeon 
Niguarda Hospital of Milan
Italy
Project Scientist
Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics
University of California
San Diego
U.S.A

Walid M Hassan
Director
Cardiovascular Center of Excellence
International Medical Center, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia

Highly Accessed Articles List

Review Article : New Trend of Cardiac Myxoma - Case Series and Systematic Review

Junhong Gui, Aadil Maqsood, Saroj Khadka, Kenneth Rodriguez, George Everett


Full-Text | PDF |

Review Article : Six-Minute Walk Test in Pediatric Cardiac Patients
Mohammed Sayed Elyan, Salah El-din Amry Ahmed, Hekma Saad Farghaly
Full-Text | PDF |

Research Article : Electrocardiogram Interpretation: An Exploration of Knowledge and Practice among Secondary Care Hospitals Emergency Physicians

Aamir Hussain


Full-Text | PDF |

Review Article : The Impact of Cytochrome P450 2C19 Polymorphism on Cardiovascular Events in Indonesian Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
Muzakkir Amir, Mirnawati Mappiare, Paskalis Indra
Full-Text | PDF |

Case Report : Reversible Stress Induced Cardiomyopathy in Adrenal Insufficiency
Salman M, AlKhoury J, AlSherooqi R, Assar W
Full-Text | PDF |

Commentary : Initiation of Arterial Stenotic Thrombosis

Mark IM Noble


Full-Text | PDF |

Review Article : Is Expanding Heart Always Serious?

Jamilah Al Rahimi ,Amin Mulji and Omid Salehian


Full-Text | PDF |

Research Article : The Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation Among Acute Medical Admission in Kuwait University Hospital in Sanaa City

Al-Aghbari Khaled*, Bamashmoos Mohammed and Askar Faiza


Full-Text | PDF |

Review Article : Ventricular Tachycardia in the Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Cardiac Complications in Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Review of the Literature

Ilia Davarashvili and Jonathan Balkin


Full-Text | PDF |

Research Article : Uncontrolled Hypertension among Treated Hypertensive Patients

Al-Aghbari Khaled*, Bamashmoos Mohammed and Askar Faiza


Full-Text | PDF |

Case Report : Pulmonary Arterial Stenting Complication: A Case Report about the Retrieval of a Stent Lost in a Child with Bilateral Glenn Shunt

Mario Giordano, Gianpiero Gaio, Maurizio Cappelli Bigazzi andMaria Giovanna Russo


Abstract | Full-Text | PDF |

Research Article : CT Coronary Angiography versus Coronary Angiography to Detect Specificity and Sensitivity of CT Coronary

Sheref M Zaghloul, Walid Hassan*, Ashraf M Reda, Ghada M Sultan, Mohamed A Salah, Hassan O Balubid, Safia Inamurrahim, Khalid Tammam, Ahmad Zaatar, Mohammed S Gassar


Full-Text | PDF |


Subscribe

to get latest updates.


  Life Science

  Health Science

  Chemical Science


Subscribe